absolute


absolute
adj. & n.
—adj.
1 complete, utter, perfect (an absolute fool; absolute bliss).
2 unconditional, unlimited (absolute authority).
3 despotic; ruling arbitrarily or with unrestricted power (an absolute monarch).
4 (of a standard or other concept) universally valid; not admitting exceptions; not relative or comparative.
5 Gram. a (of a construction) syntactically independent of the rest of the sentence, as in dinner being over, we left the table; let us toss for it, loser to pay. b (of an adjective or transitive verb) used or usable without an expressed noun or object (e.g. the deaf, guns kill).
6 (of a legal decree etc.) final.
—n. Philos.
1 a value, standard, etc., which is objective and universally valid, not subjective or relative.
2 (prec. by the) a Philos. that which can exist without being related to anything else. b Theol. ultimate reality; God.
Phrases and idioms:
absolute alcohol Chem. ethanol free from water or other impurities. absolute magnitude the magnitude, i.e. brightness, of a celestial body as seen at a standard distance of 10 parsecs (opp. apparent magnitude). absolute majority
1 a majority over all others combined.
2 more than half.
absolute pitch Mus.
1 the ability to recognize the pitch of a note or produce any given note.
2 a fixed standard of pitch defined by the rate of vibration. absolute temperature one measured from absolute zero. absolute zero a theoretical lowest possible temperature, at which the particles whose motion constitutes heat would be minimal, calculated as -273.15 °C (or 0 °K).
Derivatives:
absoluteness n.
Etymology: ME f. L absolutus past part.: see ABSOLVE

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • absolute — ab·so·lute adj 1 a: free from qualification, condition, exception, or restriction rights that even seem absolute have these qualifications Long v. Rockwood, 277 U.S. 142 (1927) see also absolute ownership at ownership compare …   Law dictionary

  • Absolute — Ab so*lute, a. [L. absolutus, p. p. of absolvere: cf. F. absolu. See {Absolve}.] 1. Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Absolute — may mean:Philosophy * Absolute (philosophy), a concept in philosophy * Moral absolutes, the belief that there are absolute standards against which moral questions can be judgedMath and science * Absolute value, in mathematics, the value of a real …   Wikipedia

  • absolute — [ab′sə lo͞ot΄, ab΄sə lo͞ot′] adj. [ME absolut < L absolutus, pp. of absolvere, to loosen from: see ABSOLVE] 1. perfect; complete; whole [absolute silence] 2. not mixed; pure [absolute alcohol] 3. not limited by a constitution, parliament,… …   English World dictionary

  • absolute — (adj.) late 14c., unrestricted; complete, perfect; also not relative to something else (mid 15c.), from M.Fr. absolut (14c., O.Fr. asolu, Mod.Fr. absolu), from L. absolutus, pp. of absolvere to set free, make separate (see ABSOLVE (Cf. absolve)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • absolute — 1 *pure, simple, sheer Analogous words: *perfect, whole, entire: *real, true: *abstract, ideal: *consummate, finished Antonyms: mixed, qualified Contrasted words: incomplete (see affirmative adjective at …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Absolute — est un groupe français de fusion metal originaire de la Seine Saint Denis. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Membres 2.1 Membres d aujourd hui 2.2 Anciens membres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • absolute — [adj1] without limit complete, consummate, downright, entire, flat out*, free, full, infinite, no catch*, no fine print*, no holds barred*, no ifs ands or buts*, no joke*, no strings attached*, outright, plenary, pure, sheer, simple, straight out …   New thesaurus

  • Absolute — (Реджо ди Калабрия,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Via Demetrio Tripepi 149, 89125 Реджо д …   Каталог отелей

  • absolute — UK US /ˈæbsəluːt/ adjective ► very great or to the largest degree possible: »The board said they had absolute confidence in the CEO, despite the company s difficulties. ► [before noun] used when expressing a strong opinion: »It s an absolute… …   Financial and business terms

  • absolute — ► ADJECTIVE 1) not qualified or diminished in any way; total. 2) having unlimited power: an absolute ruler. 3) not relative or comparative: absolute moral principles. 4) Grammar (of a construction) syntactically independent of the rest of the… …   English terms dictionary